Gideon Fink Shapiro is a New York-based historian and critic of the built environment. His writings have appeared in The Avery Review, Landscape ArchitecturePlus, Architect, Domus, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, New York Review of Architecture, Next City, and The Architect’s Newspaper. His forthcoming book from University of Pennsylvania Press analyzes Adolphe Alphand and the landscape architecture of public parks in 19th century Paris. He has co-authored books with Aaron Betsky and Robert A.M. Stern, and edited Re-Living the City, a book based on the 2015 Shenzhen and Hong Kong Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism and Architecture. He is Places critic-in-residence in landscape architecture for 2021-22.