You are reading an article printed from Places, the journal of public scholarship on architecture, landscape, and urbanism. Read more at placesjournal.org.
Patrick Sykes is a writer and radio producer based in London. His work is featured or forthcoming in The Times, Mas Context, Warscapes, Polis and on BBC Radio 4. Follow him @patrick_sykes.
Photographs of the remains of coastal fortifications that lined Northern Europe during the Second World War.