Black and white photograph of two young man and a young woman lounging against a stone railing with wooded hill and brick buildings in the background

German Lessons

The 1932 Modern Architecture exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art catalyzed the rise of international modernism in America. Ultimately it advanced colliding visions of housing as luxurious private asset or vital public good — a split that’s traceable to the divergent politics of Philip Johnson and Catherine Bauer.

How Philip Johnson and Catherine Bauer brought colliding visions of transatlantic modernism to MoMA and ultimately to America: a journey into architecture, aesthetics, and the politics of housing.




Summer Workshop