Isometric view of residential density

Environment as Politics

One lesson of the U.S. presidential election is that we should forget about red and blue states. The geographic divide in American politics is closer to home. A visual study of the relation between density and voting behavior finds that neighbors are 215 feet apart in Clinton strongholds, but nearly half a mile distant in Trump territory.

A visual study of the relation between residential density and voting behavior in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.




  • Alan Thomas
  • Barbara Penner
  • Simon Sadler

David Heymann

David Heymann is a columnist for Places. He is an architect, and the Harwell Hamilton Harris Regents Professor in Architecture at the University of Texas, Austin.

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Alan Thomas

Alan Thomas is a columnist for Places. He is Editorial Director for the Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Chicago Press and a photographer specializing in urban landscape.

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Barbara Penner

Barbara Penner is a columnist for Places. She is Senior Lecturer in Architectural History at the Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL.

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Simon Sadler

Simon Sadler is a columnist for Places. He teaches the history and theory of architecture, design, and urbanism across several programs at the University of California, Davis, where he is a professor in the Department of Design.

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